Have you ever looked chord changes and had no idea what to do? Have you ever taken a solo and it sounded like you were playing a different song than the rest of the band? Jazz solos are usually spontaneously created, but if you don't know where to start and what to play, why don't you figure it out before you play. Start by writing out a jazz etude.
0. Start by writing either a one step or two step blues etude
How to write a jazz etude
1. Pick a tune
Pick a tune from our guided lead sheet page.
2. Boil down changes
WTF- what the function? Some lead sheets or big band charts have a lot of unnecessary harmonic information.
3. Identify and classify ii-V's
Find the ii-V chord progressions in the chart. Look for minor 7 to dominant 7 to major 7 chord qualities that have roots which are a fourth interval apart. To find the key center of a ii-v without a I, go up a fourth interval from the dominant 7 chord.
The ii chord in a minor key is a minor 7b5 (ø7) and the V chord is a 7b9.
4. Chose a lick and transpose it to the required key
5. Write licks for non ii-V based chord changes
6. Connect licks
Using the same lick over a new chord or using the same lick over a different part of the chord is called a sequence. Sequences can be either diatonic (in the key) or chromatic (outside of the key).
Certain notes in a chord have a tendency to lead to particular note in the following chord. The 3rd of one chord leads to the 7th of the next or vice versa. The 5th and 9th have the same relationship. Using these tendancies when going from one lick to the next helps keep continuity in your lines.
6. PRACTICE TILL YOU OWN IT!!!
The only way for an etude to work is to make it sound like YOUR solo. Memorize it and be able to play it at multiple tempos. Sing your solo. Test yourself and try to write out your solo IN A DIFFERENT KEY!!!
7. LISTENING AND TRANSCRIPTION
Listening is the best way to get the sound and feel of jazz into your ear and into your playing. Here are some listening examples to get your started. Find one tune you like and dig in. Don't just listen to it once.! Work on transcribing your own licks using our guided transcription page. Transcribing is THE BEST thing you can do to improve your ear and to acquire new language.